Rosa Luxemburg - Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-Jewish revolutionary born in the Russian Empire in Poland in 1871. She was the fifth and youngest child of her family, and had a permanent limp due to a hip ailment at the age of five. In 1886 she joined the Proletariat Party in poland and helped organize a strike. As a result, 4 leaders were killed, and the party disbanded. Rosa moved to Switzerland to finish her degree and eventual got her doctorate in law there. From there she plunged into the international world of Marxism. Luxemburg opposed nationalism, especially concerning the independence of her Homeland of Poland. She believed polish independence could only come about with socialist revolutions in Russia, Austria, and Germany. Her position of antiself-determination under socialism brought her into conflict with Vladimir Lenin. Rosa wanted to move to Germany to be at the center of the revolution. She married the son of an old friend to obtain German citizenship, but years later would divorce him. When she moved to Berlin, she joined the Social Democracy Party of Germany (SDP) and met her future good friend Clara Zetkin. Rosa made it a priority of hers to remove all traces of revisionism present in the SDP, as well as promoting revolution over reform. Due to imperialism and militarism in the SDP, Rosa left the SDP in 1910. As world war one approached, Rosa and many other socialists in Europe preached an antiwar policy and tried to prepare an organized strike if war did breaker out. The organization fell apart, and Rosa claimed that Revisionism had won. Rosa, along with Zetkin, Karl Liebknecht, and Franz Mehring founded the Die Internationale, which became the Spartacist Uprising in 1916. In 1918, the German Revolution broke out, with the help of the Spartacist League, which was featured in an earlier post of mine "The Spartacist Uprising". At the end of the Uprising, Rosa was murdered by Freikorp commander Â Waldemar Pabst andÂ Horst Von Pflugk-Harttung, a future Nazi spy. Her body was thrown into a canal and discovered 4 months later. Despite their disagreements, Lenin and Trotsky held Rosa in high regard, and idolized by the DDR as early German Far-Lefism.